David Smith
left to right: Tanktotem IX, 1960; Zig V,1961; Dida's Circle on a Fungus,1961; Black White Forward,1961; Circle IV,1962.

"I never conceived of myself as anything other than a painter because my work came right through the raised surface, and color and objects applied to the surface... Gradually the canvas became the base, and the painting was a sculpture. I have never required any separation except one element of dimension."